Seizure – First Aid

What is a Seizure? 

A seizure is when the nerves of somebody act strangely. Nerves transmit information. They do this by electrical impulses and by some chemical substances called transmitters.

Reasons for Seizure:
>Lack of sleep  (most common reason)
A normal Adult requires a minimum sleep of 8 hours.

>Certain types of drugs, or their withdrawal.
The presence of certain medications in the body, such as lithium, antipsychotic medications, trycyclic antidepressants and high doses of      penicillin, can induce seizures. Abrupt withdrawal of some of these same substances can also bring on seizure

Other reasons:
>Too much alcohol.
>stress.
>High fever.
>Certain types of head injuries.
>Inexplicably day dreaming for long periods of time.

Prevention:
Doctors advise that healthy lifestyle habits are the best way to prevent or reduce the frequency of seizures. Reducing stress, eating a well-balanced diet, getting enough sleep in addition to regular exercise may help to decrease the number of seizures. A person should avoid consuming too much alcohol, as well as avoid taking amphetamines, cocaine or other recreational drugs. Always take medications exactly as prescribe by the Doctor.

Detect When a Seizure Is Going to Happen:
Pay attention to changes in your sense of smell, taste or touch. Some of the warning signs reported by epileptic patients before the onset of a seizure were that of peculiar smells, tastes and feelings which were difficult to explain, yet consistent with their seizures, according to Epilepsy.com. Some patients also reported unexplained forgetfulness.

Experiencing unexplained confusion or feelings of “spaciness,” accompanied by severe headaches or lapses in memory, may be another sign that a seizure is imminent. Some people have reported “out-of-body” sensations, during which they felt detached from their physical bodies or reality prior to seizures. If familiar situations or people suddenly begin to seem unfamiliar or strange, this could be a sign that a seizure is on its way.

If you find yourself inexplicably daydreaming for long periods of time, or feeling very weak and sleepy, and you have a history of seizures, these symptoms may precede a seizure. Experiencing unusual twitching and tingling sensations in the arms, legs, fingers and/or toes may be another sign of an impending seizure.

FIRST AID:

First aid for seizures involves responding in ways that can keep the person safe until the seizure stops by itself. Here are a few things you can do to help someone who is having a seizure:

>Keep calm and reassure other people who may be nearby.
>Prevent injury by clearing the area around the person of anything hard or sharp.
>Ease the person to the floor and put something soft and flat, like a folded jacket, under his head.
>Remove eyeglasses and loosen ties or anything around the neck that may make breathing difficult.
>Time the seizure with your watch. If the seizure continues for longer than five minutes without signs of slowing down or if a person has trouble      breathing afterwards, appears to be injured, in pain, or recovery is unusual in some way, call Ambulance.
>Do not hold the person down or try to stop his movements.
>Contrary to popular belief, it is not true that a person having a seizure can swallow his tongue. Do not put anything in the person’s mouth. Efforts to hold the tongue down can injure the teeth or jaw.
>Turn the person gently onto one side. This will help keep the airway clear.
>Don’t attempt artificial respiration except in the unlikely event that a person does not start breathing again after the seizure has stopped.
>Stay with the person until the seizure ends naturally and he is fully awake.
>Do not offer the person water or food until fully alert
>Be friendly and reassuring as consciousness returns.
>Offer to call a taxi, friend or relative to help the person get home if he seems confused or unable to get home without help.

Here are a few things you can do to help someone who is having a seizure that appears as blank staring, loss of awareness, and/or involuntary blinking, chewing, or other facial movements.
>Stay calm and speak reassuringly.
>Guide him away from dangers.
>Block access to hazards, but don’t restrain the person.
>If he is agitated, stay a distance away, but close enough to protect him until full awareness has returned.

Recommendations :

1) Have a Deep sleep in the nights.

      

2)Regular Exercise



3)A stress-free Environment
make yourself free from the mental stress .


4)Have a balanced diet

5)Drink lots of Water!




6)Avoid consuming alcohol.